Biggest Challenges

According to Save the Children -- Six Biggest Problems

According to Save the Children, these six problems are the biggest challenges facing children in 2022

 1. Children Living in Conflict Zones
Nearly 200 million children are living in the world’s most lethal war zones, the highest number in over a decade - and a 20% rise from 162 million a year ago. Many of these children are already on the frontline of climate change and battling life-threatening hunger crises.

This spike was driven partly by outbreaks of violence in Mozambique, as well as ongoing conflicts in Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Nigeria, and Yemen, which are already on the frontline of climate change's worst impacts and coping with life-threatening hunger crises. Today in Ukraine, at least 7.5 million children are in grave danger of physical harm, severe emotional distress, and displacement due to conflict. 

2. Unprecedented Global Hunger 
In 2021, a perfect storm of COVID, conflict, and climate change pushed millions more children into malnutrition. In 2022, an estimated two million children under the age of five will die of hunger-related causes. There's no vaccine for hunger, but here is a solution if we act now. Save the Children, and other relief organizations are working around the world to support families with food, cash and supplies so children don't go hungry, now or in the future.

3. Two Years of Disrupted Education
Worldwide, an estimated 117 million kids are still out of school due to COVID-19. This is on top of 260 million children who were out of school even before the pandemic. The longer children are out of school, the less likely it is that they will re-enroll, with girls at particular risk of dropping out, often in order to marry.

4. Climate Change
Children’s lives today and in the future are under threat from the climate crisis. The number of climate-related disasters has tripled in the past 30 years. Every child will now inherit a planet with more severe and more frequent extreme weather events than ever before because of the failure of past generations to protect their rights and their future.
The climate crisis is threatening their right to a safe home and community, to healthcare, to food, and to learning. Children are demanding more from world leaders, and it's time we listen. Their lives and futures are at stake. 

5. Children Crossing Borders
More children have been forcibly displaced today than at any time since World War Two. Between 2005 and 2020, the number of child refugees under UNHCR mandate more than doubled from four million to around 10 million. Images of children crossing borders or dying in the process have regularly moved publics and occasionally shifted policies.

6. Child Mortality Due to COVID-19
There have been dramatic reductions in child mortality rates over the last 30 years, falling by almost 60% since 1990. However, the unprecedented demands made on health services around the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic have caused diseases that were previously in decline to resurge.
Deaths from malaria, previously on a long-term downward trajectory, have increased in 32 countries since the start of the pandemic.

There is a very real chance that child mortality will increase in 2022 for the first time in decades, representing a disastrous reversal for child health globally. That said, recent breakthroughs such as the world's first effective Malaria vaccine offer hope that advances in vaccines stimulated by the pandemic might benefit children in the long-term.

This report was reproduced with minor edits from the Save the Children publication:
The 6 Biggest Challenges Facing Children in 2022. Save the Children. https://www.savethechildren.org/us/charity-stories/biggest-challenges-children-will-face-2022

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